ANCIENT CITY OF ZEUGMA / BELKIS
Belkıs/Zeugma is a city which is situated on hills in the east of Nizip, Gaziantep.
Selevkos Nikator I, one of the generals of Alexander the Magnificient, in 300 BC in this place, where Alexander The Magnificient had passed the Euphrates river, by conjoining his name with Euphrates founded a city named Selevkeia Euphrates. Opposite that city he founded a second city and gave his wife’s name ‘Apama’ and connected those twin cities with a bridge.
The name of the city, which had been one of the four biggest cities of Commagene, was changed to Zeugma meaning ‘passageway bridge’ because of being coupletely connected to Roma since 31 BC.
The city lived its golden age during the period of Roma. In 256 AD Sapur I The Sassanian King, conquered Zeugma and ruined it. After that date Zeugma couldn’t recover itself and gain its magnificence again.
Artistic skill was very advanced in Zeugma, especially in Roman times, and the quality of the mosaic floors in the villas of wealthy citizens was world-class. The mosaics uncovered during excavations of just one section of the area alone reveal that Zeugma was a truly a “city of mosaics”.
Among the features that make Belkıs/Zeugma a unique site is the “world record” number of bullae (clay seal imprints) found here.
The statue of the god Mars, protector of the city which has come to life once more under the mysterious gaze of the “Gypsy Girl”, has a spear in the right hand and a candelabrum in the left, symbolizing both war and bounty.
Zeugma Web Sitesi