TİLMEN TUMULUS (HÖYÜK)
To reach the Tilmen Tumulus, go along the road from İslâhiye towards Yesemek, and turn left onto the one-kilometer asphalt road. After Hattusha, Tilmen was one of the most magnificent Hittite cities in Anatolia, and as a result of excavations carried out at the tumulus since 2003, it has been made into an Archaeology Park.
Findings at the tumulus point to the links and mutual relationship between the ancient Mesopotamian and Syrian civilizations and those of ancient Anatolia.
Excavations have revealed that the settlement began in 4.000 B.C., and that it was a large city at the end of the 3rd millennium B.C.
On the northeast side of the tumulus are 8-meter-high, round towers containing 17 steps and ramps. The incredibly large and heavy stones of the ramparts attest to the ancient city’s magnificence. The main entrance was on the east and was flanked on either side by lions.