RUINS OF ZİNCİRLİ (SAM’AL)
The ruins in village of Zincirli related to Fevzipaşa subdistrict of country Nizip of province Gaziantep contains an old kingdom city of which old name is Sam’al and its citadel. The name of the kingdom is Sam’al or Ya’idi in old documents. The ruling class of the kingdom, which has a mixed population of Luvi, Sami, Huri and Phoenicia rooted, was, Aramian origin. The kingdom was under the sovereignty of Assyrian since early periods. At the tumulus you can see traces of settlement belong from Bronze age to Roman period.
At the end of the excavations, palaces of Zincirli (Sam’al) city, its acropolis where important structures are stated and its external city walls were revealed. And its understood and that the city was surrounded by city walls in 1300s B.C. for the first time. Ruins of a palace were run into in the castle part of the settlement which is surrounded by water and has three gates. It was understood from the gained ruins that it was a multi-stored stucture which is named as ‘Hilani’.
In Zincirli-Sam’al since the second half of the 9th century B.C. on the palace structures the Aramian Art dominancy is observed. Ortostadiums, witnesses of King Barrakab Period, revealed on the South wing of the North posted structure and some of these are found still in their places of these, two ortostadiums completing each other are exhibited in Istanbul, Old Eastern Works of Art Museum, the others are exhibited in Berlin Museum.
These works of art constitute the best examples of late Hittite Art between 9th and 7th centuries B.C.
Excavation was begun by Chicago University (Oriental Institute) in 2006 and still carried out.